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Apple II
Apple • 1977

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Launched ByApple
Type8-bit Microcomputer
LaunchJune 1977
DiscontinuedNovember 1993

Steve Wozniak, who had previously designed the Apple I and had also designed the circuitry for Atari's Breakout arcade game, and wanted to make a computer that could run a version of Breakout in the BASIC programming language. So he designed the Apple II so it could work as a game computer, with colours, sound and support for paddles.

Apple improved on the Apple II over the years with newer models: Apple II Plus (1979), Apple IIe (1983), Apple IIc (1984 portable version) and the Apple IIGS (1986, the GS was 16-bit, but was 95% compatible with the Apple II 8-bit software). There was also an Apple III, a business computer based on the Apple II launched in 1980, but it failed miserably.

The Apple II was part of what BYTE Magazine dubbed the "1977 Trinity", alongside the Commodore PET and Tandy's TRS-80.

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Popular Apple II games


System Emulator Notes
Windows / Mac OS / Linux MAME/MESS Support. Setname: apple2
Windows / Mac / Linux microM8 -
Windows AppleWin -
Linux Linapple -
RetroPie via linapple You'll need a keyboard. 'F1' will bring up help screen, 'F10' quits the emulator
Mac Virtual II Paid. Requires ROM image file

Emulator information last updated 1st April 2020

Tech Specs and further details

Name Apple II
Origin United States
Processor MOS 6502
Developed by Steve Wozniak, Steve Jobs
Memory 4KB RAM, max of 48K RAM on first model
Display Output via RCA connector
Display Size (pixels) 280 x 192
Colours 16
Audio Built-in speaker
Storage Cassette, 5.25" Floppy Disk
Input Built-in Keyboard. Support for paddles and analogue joysticks
Cost $1,298 at launch
Additional Names Apple ][, Apple //
Models Apple II, Apple II Plus, Apple IIe, Apple IIc


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